Why is Australia Day celebrated?

Australia
History of Australia
Holidays and Traditions

Contrary to popular belief, Australia Day has nothing to do with celebrating the day Captain Cook landed in Australia.

Australia Day marks the beginning of European settlement in Australia, and the raising of the British flag on Australian soil for the first time.

Australia was first settled by British convicts. The First Fleet of convicts arrived in Botany Bay on 18 January 1788, but Governor Arthur Phillip immediately determined that there was insufficient fresh water, an absence of usable timber, poor quality soil and no safe harbour at Botany Bay. Thus the fleet was moved to Port Jackson, arriving on 26 January 1788.

Australia Day has become a day to celebrate our national identity, and what it is to be "Australian". This is also the day when many immigrants who have undergone citizenship education become naturalised Australians in citizenship ceremonies.

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