What does the priest say when he puts ashes on your forehead?

The ashes placed on one's forehead are a symbol of that.

As the priest applies them in a cross formation on someone's forehead, they will say either, “Turn away from sin and believe in the Gospel” or “Remember that you are dust, and unto dust you shall return.”

Previous questionIs Spooky an onomatopoeia?
Next questionIs rustle an example of onomatopoeia?

Related question

On Ash Wednesday what does the priest say when he puts ashes on your head?

It can be any of these three that the priest will say: Remember, O man, that you are dust, and unto dust you shall return. - Genesis 3:19 Turn away from sin and be faithful to the Gospel. -Mark 1:15 Repent, and hear the good news. Then the lay people reply with an AMEN! after he says either of ...

Read more

What do you say when the priest puts ashes on your forehead?

“When the eighth-graders at All Saints Catholic School put the ashes on your foreheads, there are two things they can say,” the priest said.“One is 'Remember that you are dust and to dust you will return.' The second is, 'Turn away from sin and be faithful to the Gospel.'”

Read more

What do you say after the priest puts ashes on your forehead?

when the ashes are drawn on the forehead, the priest say one of these: “Remember, O man, that you are dust, and unto dust you shall return.” “Turn away from sin and be faithful to the Gospel.”

Read more

What does the priest say when putting ashes on Ash Wednesday?

The ashes placed on one's forehead are a symbol of that.As the priest applies them in a cross formation on someone's forehead, they will say either, “Turn away from sin and believe in the Gospel” or “Remember that you are dust, and unto dust you shall return.”

Read more

What do you say when the priest put ashes on your head?

when the ashes are drawn on the forehead, the priest say one of these: “Remember, O man, that you are dust, and unto dust you shall return.” “Turn away from sin and be faithful to the Gospel.”

Read more

What do they say when they put ashes on your forehead?

The ashes placed on one's forehead are a symbol of that.As the priest applies them in a cross formation on someone's forehead, they will say either, “Turn away from sin and believe in the Gospel” or “Remember that you are dust, and unto dust you shall return.”

Read more

What do you say when you put ashes on your forehead?

when the ashes are drawn on the forehead, the priest say one of these: “Remember, O man, that you are dust, and unto dust you shall return.” “Turn away from sin and be faithful to the Gospel.”

Read more

What does the priest say on Ash Wednesday?

Remember, O man, that you are dust, and unto dust you shall return.-Genesis 3:19

Read more

What is the meaning of putting ashes on your forehead?

Ash Wednesday is a Christian holy day of prayer and fasting.Ash Wednesday derives its name from the placing of repentance ashes on the foreheads of participants to either the words "Repent, and believe in the Gospel" or the dictum "Remember that you are dust, and to dust you shall return."

Read more

What do you say when you get ashes on your forehead?

when the ashes are drawn on the forehead, the priest say one of these: “Remember, O man, that you are dust, and unto dust you shall return.” “Turn away from sin and be faithful to the Gospel.”

Read more

Why do we put ashes on your forehead?

Ash Wednesday is a Christian holy day of prayer and fasting.Ash Wednesday derives its name from the placing of repentance ashes on the foreheads of participants to either the words "Repent, and believe in the Gospel" or the dictum "Remember that you are dust, and to dust you shall return."

Read more

Why do you put ash on your forehead?

Ash Wednesday derives its name from the placing of repentance ashes on the foreheads of participants to either the words "Repent, and believe in the Gospel" or the dictum "Remember that you are dust, and to dust you shall return."

Read more

Do episcopalians put ashes on their foreheads on Ash Wednesday?

Yes, we do. Ash Wednesday is celebrated exactly the same as the Roman Catholics celebrate it and we also observe Lenten fasts as well. :)

Read more

What does ash on forehead symbolize?

As a human corpse decomposes, it turns to dust, or ash.The ashes placed on one's forehead are a symbol of that.As the priest applies them in a cross formation on someone's forehead, they will say either, “Turn away from sin and believe in the Gospel” or “Remember that you are dust, and unto dust ...

Read more

What do Catholics put on their forehead on Ash Wednesday?

Roman Catholic Answer Actually, we don't, the priest puts them there during the Mass on Ash Wednesday. The ashes are from last year's palms (from Palm Sunday) and are the start of our doing penance during Lent to repent of our sins, to remember from where we came, and of what we are made.

Read more

What do Catholics put on their foreheads on Ash Wednesday?

The ash of the palms from the previous year's Palm Sunday. The priest or an extraordinary minister imposes the ashes on the forehead of the faithful during the Mass on Ash Wednesday as a sign of repentance for sin.

Read more

Why do Catholics put ash on their forehead?

On Ash Wednesday, Catholics and many other Christians will have ashes applied to their foreheads in the shape of a cross.People generally wear the ashes — which symbolize penance, mourning and mortality — throughout the day to publicly express their faith and penance.

Read more

What is your response to the priest when places the Ashon your head on Ash Wednesday?

We make no response to these words; we simply return to our pews.

Read more

When getting married what does the priest say?

Priest: "Do you take ___ as your lawful wife/husband, to have and to hold, from this day forward, for better or for worse, for richer or for poorer, in sickness and in health, to love and cherish until death do you part?"

Read more

What is the significance of ashes on your forehead?

Ash Wednesday derives its name from the placing of repentance ashes on the foreheads of participants to either the words "Repent, and believe in the Gospel" or the dictum "Remember that you are dust, and to dust you shall return."

Read more

What does the ash cross on the forehead mean?

Ash Wednesday — officially known as the Day of Ashes — is a day of repentance, when Christians confess their sins and profess their devotion to God.During a Mass, a priest places the ashes on a worshiper's forehead in the shape of a cross.

Read more

When did Ashes start on forehead?

The concept originated by the Roman Catholics somewhere in the 6th century.Though the exact origin of the day is not clear, the custom of marking the head with ashes on this Day is said to have originated during the papacy of Gregory the Great (590-604).

Read more

Why do people put ash on their forehead?

Ash Wednesday derives its name from the placing of repentance ashes on the foreheads of participants to either the words "Repent, and believe in the Gospel" or the dictum "Remember that you are dust, and to dust you shall return."

Read more

Why do Catholics put ash on their foreheads?

On Ash Wednesday, Catholics and many other Christians will have ashes applied to their foreheads in the shape of a cross.People generally wear the ashes — which symbolize penance, mourning and mortality — throughout the day to publicly express their faith and penance.

Read more

Why do people put ash on their foreheads?

On Ash Wednesday, Catholics and many other Christians will have ashes applied to their foreheads in the shape of a cross.People generally wear the ashes — which symbolize penance, mourning and mortality — throughout the day to publicly express their faith and penance.

Read more

Why do they put ash on their foreheads?

Ash Wednesday is a Christian holy day of prayer and fasting.Ash Wednesday derives its name from the placing of repentance ashes on the foreheads of participants to either the words "Repent, and believe in the Gospel" or the dictum "Remember that you are dust, and to dust you shall return."

Read more

Why do Catholics put ash on their foreheads on Ash Wednesday?

Ash Wednesday derives its name from the placing of repentance ashes on the foreheads of participants to either the words "Repent, and believe in the Gospel" or the dictum "Remember that you are dust, and to dust you shall return."

Read more

What is the ash on forehead?

During church services, a cross is marked on the foreheads of worshippers to symbolise repentance.Ash Wednesday is a significant day on the Christian calendar, denoting the beginning of the repentant period of Lent which precedes Easter.

Read more

What does the priest say when you get married?

Priest: "Do you take ___ as your lawful wife/husband, to have and to hold, from this day forward, for better or for worse, for richer or for poorer, in sickness and in health, to love and cherish until death do you part?"

Read more

Why is the forehead marked with ash on ash Wednesday?

To remind us ashes to ashes we are nothing better than dirt

Read more

What do you say when receiving ashes on Ash Wednesday?

when the ashes are drawn on the forehead, the priest say one of these: “Remember, O man, that you are dust, and unto dust you shall return.” “Turn away from sin and be faithful to the Gospel.”

Read more

Where did ashes on the forehead start?

In the modern Roman Catholic Church, the ashes obtained by burning the palms used on the previous Palm Sunday are applied in the shape of a cross on the forehead of each worshipper on Ash Wednesday.Worship services are also held on Ash Wednesday in Anglican, Lutheran, and some other Protestant ch...

Read more

What to say when you get ashes on Ash Wednesday?

when the ashes are drawn on the forehead, the priest say one of these: “Remember, O man, that you are dust, and unto dust you shall return.” “Turn away from sin and be faithful to the Gospel.” Theologian Maggi Dawn wrote about the solemnity of those words, “you are dust and unto dust you shall re...

Read more

What religions get ashes on forehead?

It's observed by individuals from various sectors of Christianity, including Roman Catholics, Anglicans, Lutherans and Methodists.The practices of Ash Wednesday, such as the placing of ashes on the foreheads of participants, go back centuries.

Read more

What do ashes on forehead represent?

As a human corpse decomposes, it turns to dust, or ash.The ashes placed on one's forehead are a symbol of that.As the priest applies them in a cross formation on someone's forehead, they will say either, “Turn away from sin and believe in the Gospel” or “Remember that you are dust, and unto dust ...

Read more

What is the significance of ashes on the forehead?

As a human corpse decomposes, it turns to dust, or ash.The ashes placed on one's forehead are a symbol of that.As the priest applies them in a cross formation on someone's forehead, they will say either, “Turn away from sin and believe in the Gospel” or “Remember that you are dust, and unto dust ...

Read more

What is the purpose of ashes that is imprinted on your forehead?

It is an important day in the Christian calendar as it marks the first day of fasting, repentance, prayer and self-control that will be required during Lent.Its official name is Day of Ashes, due to the mostly Catholic practice of rubbing ashes in the sign of the cross on people's foreheads.

Read more

Why do you have Ashes placed upon your foreheads on Ash Wednesday?

Roman Catholic Answer They are a sacramental used to remind the faithful of death and the necessity of penance and contrition especially during the Lenten season. "Remember, man, you are dust, and to dust you will return. The ashes are from last year's palms from Palm Sunday.

Read more

How long is the ash cross received on Ash Wednesday to remain on the forehead?

It depends on how much of the ash the people put on you. If a lot, it will last you all day, unless your active in sports. If just a little, it may last you a couple of hours, or just an hour.

Read more

What do you say when you get your ashes?

when the ashes are drawn on the forehead, the priest say one of these: “Remember, O man, that you are dust, and unto dust you shall return.” “Turn away from sin and be faithful to the Gospel.”

Read more

What does the ghost of Christmas present mean when he says he has 1800 brothers?

The Ghost of Christmas Present says he has more than 1,800 brothers.Since A Christmas Carol was written in the 1800s, the Ghost is referring to all the Christmases that have gone by since the birth of Christ.The Ghost refers to these past ghosts as his elder brothers.When he says this, Scrooge ta...

Read more

Why do people wear ash on their forehead?

Ash Wednesday derives its name from the placing of repentance ashes on the foreheads of participants to either the words "Repent, and believe in the Gospel" or the dictum "Remember that you are dust, and to dust you shall return."

Read more

Ash Wednesday ashes on forehead why the sign of a cross?

It symbolize the God the Father who is the creator of the world,God the Son who is the redeemer of mankind and the Holy Spirit who is the proceeding power between the Father and the Son.

Read more

What do you say when you get ashes on your head?

when the ashes are drawn on the forehead, the priest say one of these: “Remember, O man, that you are dust, and unto dust you shall return.” “Turn away from sin and be faithful to the Gospel.”

Read more

Can you burn paper and bless it on your forehead on ash Wednesday?

Probably not, paper cannot be considered something you can bless yourself with, just go to your nearest church and get blessed with the real ashes, ends up being better. Besides the paper ashes would smell weird, and it wouldn't be a real 'blessing' you know?

Read more

What do I say when I receive ashes on Ash Wednesday?

when the ashes are drawn on the forehead, the priest say one of these: “Remember, O man, that you are dust, and unto dust you shall return.” “Turn away from sin and be faithful to the Gospel.”

Read more

What do you say when you receive ashes on Ash Wednesday?

“When the eighth-graders at All Saints Catholic School put the ashes on your foreheads, there are two things they can say,” the priest said.“One is 'Remember that you are dust and to dust you will return.' The second is, 'Turn away from sin and be faithful to the Gospel.'”

Read more

What do you say on Ash Wednesday?

Ash Wednesday derives its name from the placing of repentance ashes on the foreheads of participants to either the words "Repent, and believe in the Gospel" or the dictum "Remember that you are dust, and to dust you shall return."

Read more

What is the significance of the ash cross on the forehead?

Ash Wednesday — officially known as the Day of Ashes — is a day of repentance, when Christians confess their sins and profess their devotion to God.During a Mass, a priest places the ashes on a worshiper's forehead in the shape of a cross.

Read more

What do you say after receiving ashes on Ash Wednesday?

when the ashes are drawn on the forehead, the priest say one of these: “Remember, O man, that you are dust, and unto dust you shall return.” “Turn away from sin and be faithful to the Gospel.” Before the ashes are given out, the priest blesses them.

Read more

What does the Bible say about Ash Wednesday?

A: That's true; there is no mention of Ash Wednesday in the Bible.But there is a tradition of donning ashes as a sign of penitence that predates Jesus.In the Old Testament, Job repents “in dust and ashes,” and there are other associations of ashes and repentance in Esther, Samuel, Isaiah and Jere...

Read more

Can I wash the ashes off my forehead?

Many Catholics leave the mark on all day but wash it off before bedtime.Ashes also tend to flake off by themselves, or get rubbed away by absentminded forehead brushings.For Catholics, the ashes are considered a sign of penitence and mortality.

Read more

Why do you put ashes on your head?

On Ash Wednesday, the ashes of the palms from the last year's Palm Sunday are placed on the heads of members of the congregation.The day is seen as a way for Christians to remind themselves that they need to repent their sins.The ashes are meant to signify penance, mourning and mortality.

Read more

What color does the priest wear on Holy Thursday?

Byzantine Rite ColourCommon usagePurple or wine-redSaturdays and Sundays during Great LentRedHoly Thursday Feast of the Cross Beheading of St. John the Baptist Feasts of Martyrs Nativity Fast Apostles' FastGreenPalm Sunday Pentecost Feasts of Venerable (Monastic) Saints4 more rows

Read more

Can you say hallelujia on Ash Wednesday?

Of course. There are no rules or limits on when you can praise God. If you are referring to why don't some diocese use the Hallelujia in Mass in Lent then it is a separate answer. This is more-so out of tradition and to properly set the Lenten mood as not one of rejoicing but of one of preparatio...

Read more

What do Catholics do on Ash Wednesday like how do we get the mark by going up to the priest?

Catholics, and many other Christian religions, observe Ash Wednesday six-and-a-half weeks before Holy Week and Easter. It is the beginning of 40 days of penitence and reflection, called Lent, to cleanse our soul by making atonement for the wrong things we have done in the last year. The ashes are...

Read more

What color does the priest wear on All Souls Day?

Current rubrics ColorOptional usage (in lieu of prescribed obligatory colour)GreenVioletAll Souls' Day Requiem Masses and offices for the deadRoseGaudete Sunday (Third Sunday of Advent) Laetare Sunday (Fourth Sunday in Lent)3 more rows

Read more

What color does the priest wear on Laetare Sunday?

This Sunday is currently also known as Mothering Sunday, Refreshment Sunday, mid-Lent Sunday (in French mi-carême) and Rose Sunday (either because the golden rose (sent by Popes to Catholic sovereigns) used to be blessed at this time, or because the use of rose-colored (rather than violet) vestme...

Read more

What does it mean when a priest wears red?

Priests can wear a black cassock, although few of them do, and black clerical shirts, and bishops wear purple sashes.The official reason why Catholic cardinals wear red robes is that the color signifies the blood of Christ.One might presume from this that they wish to associate themselves with th...

Read more

What words are spoken when receiving ashes on Ash Wednesday?

Since the new translation they now say "Repent and believe in the Gospel" or "Remember that you are dust, and to dust you shall return.", either one is acceptable.

Read more

What do the catholics put on there heads on ash Wednesday?

The ashes used for Ash Wednesday are from the palms given out on Palm Sunday of the previous year. There are various statements used when the ashes are applied such as, "remember man that you are dust and unto dust you shall return."

Read more

What colour does a priest wear on all saints day?

Either gold or white vestments are worn on All Saints Day. White.

Read more

What is it called when you put ashes in the wall?

A columbarium or cremation niche is a room, normally in a cemetery or church, or it can be a free-standing wall.It contains small individual spaces called niches.After an urn containing the ashes and sometimes personal keepsakes are placed into the niche, a marker identifying the deceased is plac...

Read more

What does it mean when you put your underwear on backwards?

One of the most well-known superstitions in connection with underwear is when someone wears their underwear inside out! Wearing underwear the wrong way has long been considered lucky.There was also the belief that if one was experiencing an unlucky day, the only way to turn it around was to wear...

Read more

What colors do priests wear and when?

The Use of Color in the Catholic Liturgical Year Green: The color of vestments used during ordinary time. Purple or violet: Used during Advent and Lent, and along with white and black, these colors may also be used at Funeral Masses.White and gold: Most appropriate for Christmas and Easter.

Read more

What do you say at Ash Wednesday Mass?

“When the eighth-graders at All Saints Catholic School put the ashes on your foreheads, there are two things they can say,” the priest said.“One is 'Remember that you are dust and to dust you will return.' The second is, 'Turn away from sin and be faithful to the Gospel.'”

Read more

What is the significance of the ashes on Ash Wednesday?

Ash Wednesday is a Christian holy day of prayer and fasting.Ash Wednesday derives its name from the placing of repentance ashes on the foreheads of participants to either the words "Repent, and believe in the Gospel" or the dictum "Remember that you are dust, and to dust you shall return."

Read more

What color does the priest wear on day of the dead?

White, as a sign of new life

Read more

What does Black say about your personality?

You are independent, strong-willed and determined and like to be in control of yourself and situations.As a lover of black you may be conservative and conventional - black is restricting and contained.With a personality color black, you may be looking for protection from any negativity that surro...

Read more

What does the cross on Ash Wednesday represent?

During church services, a cross is marked on the foreheads of worshippers to symbolise repentance.Ash Wednesday is a significant day on the Christian calendar, denoting the beginning of the repentant period of Lent which precedes Easter.

Read more

What is the purpose of receiving ash on Ash Wednesday?

The ashes represent God creating us from dust/ashes and after us dying, us returning to dust/ashes.

Read more

What are the ashes for on ash Wednesday?

The ASHES show that we have all sinned.

Read more

What does Orange say about your personality?

Those with Orange color personality strengths tend to be witty, spontaneous, generous, optimistic, eager and bold.They need fun, variety, stimulation and excitement.Freedom to act is also important to an Orange.Oranges have energy and like to bounce around to different projects or tasks.

Read more

What are the ashes used on Ash Wednesday made from?

Where do the ashes come from? Traditionally, ashes used on Ash Wednesday are gathered up after palms from the previous year's Palm Sunday are burned.They are then blessed before being used in the ceremony.

Read more

What is the meaning of ashes on Ash Wednesday?

Ash Wednesday is a Christian holy day of prayer and fasting.Ash Wednesday derives its name from the placing of repentance ashes on the foreheads of participants to either the words "Repent, and believe in the Gospel" or the dictum "Remember that you are dust, and to dust you shall return."

Read more

What are the ashes usually mixed with to form the ash paste on Ash Wednesday?

Nothing, it's the ashes of last years burnt palms from Palm Sunday.

Read more

What does it mean when someone says you are worth your weight in gold?

Definition of 'worth your weight in gold' If you say that someone or something is worth their weight in gold, you are emphasizing that they are so useful, helpful, or valuable that you feel you could not manage without them.

Read more

What does it mean when he calls you pumpkin?

It just means she likes you, cares about you, and thinks you are sweet.A lot of people from various parts of the US call their loved ones that.I call my sweetie pumpkin all the time and I do it because I see him like a cute little boy that needs to be hugged.

Read more

What does the ashes symbolize?

People generally wear the ashes — which symbolize penance, mourning and mortality — throughout the day to publicly express their faith and penance.

Read more

What do the ashes represent on Ash Wednesday?

On Ash Wednesday, Catholics and many other Christians will have ashes applied to their foreheads in the shape of a cross.People generally wear the ashes — which symbolize penance, mourning and mortality — throughout the day to publicly express their faith and penance.

Read more

What does a priest wear under his cassock?

Types of Eastern cassocks The inner cassock is usually worn by all clergy members under their liturgical vestments.The outer cassock should be worn by a priest celebrating a service such as Vespers where the rubrics call for him to be less than fully vested, but it is not worn by any clergy bene...

Read more

What do ashes on Ash Wednesday signify?

The ashes represent a number of things. They are a reminder that we are mortals and will die - 'Remember man that you were dust and to dust you shall return.' The ashes are also a symbol of penance. In ancient times people would sprinkle themselves with ashes when they were doing penance. During ...

Read more

Who applies the ashes on Ash Wednesday?

A priest, deacon or Eucharistic minister may apply ashes on Ash Wednesday

Read more

When your boyfriend wont go on vacation because he wants to take kids trick or treating?

Sounds like a good dad that lots of ladies would like to have.

Read more

What does the Mexican president say on Independence Day?

EACH YEAR EL GRITO IS REENACTED BY THE CURRENT MEXICAN PRESIDENT.He rings the bell of the National Palace in Mexico City then recites a cry of patriotism, ending with ¡Viva Mexico!, a phrase that Mexicans commonly use to express their love of country.

Read more

What faith's receive ashes on ash Wednesday?

Catholics are one. Ashes are placed on the forehead in the sign of the cross to remind us that our body will return to hence from which it came. Ashes to ashes and dust to dust. Also the beginning of Lent in which we will sacrifice or give up something that is materialistic in form that we have e...

Read more

What ashes are used on Ash Wednesday?

The ashes used on Ash Wednesday are from the burned palms from the previous year's Palm Sunday. Since the palms are consecrated it is not proper to dispose of them in the garbage as Palm Sunday comes around again, so the proper disposition is to burn them and use them in a liturgical function. In...

Read more

What clothing do priests wear on three kings day?

They wear white, as it is still the Christmas season

Read more

What color do priests wear on All Souls Day?

Current rubrics ColorOptional usage (in lieu of prescribed obligatory colour)GreenVioletAll Souls' Day Requiem Masses and offices for the deadRoseGaudete Sunday (Third Sunday of Advent) Laetare Sunday (Fourth Sunday in Lent)3 more rows

Read more

What do ashes symbolize on Ash Wednesday?

On Ash Wednesday, Catholics and many other Christians will have ashes applied to their foreheads in the shape of a cross.People generally wear the ashes — which symbolize penance, mourning and mortality — throughout the day to publicly express their faith and penance.

Read more

Who does tradition say could have been the rich young ruler that Christ told to sell all that he had?

Church traditions holds that the rich young ruler who had to sell his possessions was likely Barnabas.

Read more

What is the response on Ash Wednesday?

“One is 'Remember that you are dust and to dust you will return.' The second is, 'Turn away from sin and be faithful to the Gospel.'” The Ash Wednesday service marked the beginning of Lent, a time of self-examination, repentance, prayer, fasting and alms-giving that will end in 40 days with the c...

Read more

What was the temperature on Ash Wednesday?

The temperature was 43 degrees Celsius on Ash Wednesday.

Read more

What does it mean when someone says Murphy's Law?

Murphy's Law.A rule that states, “If something can go wrong, it will.” An addition to this law reads, “and usually at the worst time.” The identity of “Murphy” is unknown, but the saying was first used during the 1940s and may have originated with members of the armed forces in World War II.

Read more

When someone says trick on Halloween what do you do?

get silly string out n scare them or throw rice at em

Read more

Does Lent formally begin on the Sunday after Ash Wednesday?

No!Lent begin during Ash Wednesday.

Read more

Does Lent start on Ash Wednesday or the day after?

Ash Wednesday, which marks the start of Lent in the Christian calendar, has been observed by Britons for centuries.Its exact date changes every year, because it is determined by the dates of Easter.But it is always the day after Shrove Tuesday, or Pancake Day, and it always falls in February or M...

Read more

What is the gospel on Ash Wednesday?

Ash Wednesday is a Christian holy day of prayer and fasting.It is preceded by Shrove Tuesday and falls on the first day of Lent, the six weeks of penitence before Easter.Ash Wednesday is traditionally observed by Western Christians.

Read more

Were the Ash Wednesday fires actually on Ash Wednesday?

Yes, the tragic fires of 16th February 1983 in South Australia and Victoria coincided with the Christian observance of Ash Wednesday.

Read more

What time does lent start on Ash Wednesday?

But before Lent even begins, there's Shrove Tuesday, the day before Lent, which is a time to "clean the soul," according to the BBC.The first day of Lent is called Ash Wednesday.On Ash Wednesday, priests gather ashes from the previous Palm Sunday (more on that later) and rub them on the congregan...

Read more