What Happens When You Workout High?
What will happen to the body if you combine smoking and sports?
Cigarettes are a long-standing enemy of man. On TV, on the Internet, in advertisements, even on packs of the very same cigarettes - everywhere we hear about the terrible consequences of tobacco use. Therefore, many believe that real athletes should not smoke, because this not only harms health, but also negates the benefits of training. But are cigarettes really that dangerous for people in good health?
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How does smoking affect weight?
Many people believe that smoking helps to control body weight. Some even explain this bad habit precisely by the fact that by giving up cigarettes, they will certainly gain weight. And although the consequences of a couple of extra pounds are incomparable with the results of many years of tobacco use, do not forget about the dangers of being overweight - for example, an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and hypertension.
The question of why a person gets better after quitting smoking is not fully understood. On the one hand, nicotine in cigarettes affects body weight. On the other hand, psychologists believe that smoking serves as a behavioral alternative to food, which leads to a reduction in food intake and weight loss. Therefore, some bodybuilders, no matter how paradoxical it may sound, deliberately begin to smoke during drying in order to level the feeling of hunger.
How do cigarettes affect muscle mass?
Scientists have proven that smoking reduces the number of small blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients to the muscles of the legs.
In a study conducted by the University of California at San Diego in conjunction with the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and the University of Kochi, the effect of smoking on muscles. For 8 weeks, the subjects either inhaled tobacco smoke or received intramuscular injections of the solution with bubbles of smoke.
As a result, it turned out that cigarette smoke actually damages the muscles, reducing the number of blood vessels in the muscles of the legs, thereby reducing the amount of oxygen and nutrients they can receive. This, in turn, can negatively affect metabolism and activity level.
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How does smoking affect bones?
Annually in humans, 4-10% of bone tissue is renewed. Free radicals, which are present in excess in smokers, inhibit the production of certain types of cells responsible for the regeneration of bone mass. This makes the bones much weaker. According to researchHowever, smoking athletes often have diseases such as inflammation of the joint capsules and degeneration of the tendons. They tend to recover from injuries longer and have a higher risk of complications.
What is the first problem for smoking athletes?
Of course with the heart. Chemicals in tobacco smoke harm blood cells and disrupt the structure and function of blood vessels. Because of this, work and heart suffer greatly and the risk of developing atherosclerosis and other diseases increases.
Smoking is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease. When combined with others, such as high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, being overweight or obese, tobacco use further increases the risk of impairment.
Can sports and smoking be combined?
Sports doctor Anton Epifanov believes that an athlete-smoker is first of all a smoker, and only then an athlete. In his opinion, the most important problem arising from the consumption of cigarettes is a disturbed metabolism. It is for this reason that bones grow together more slowly, tendons suffer, and heart disease develops. The doctor admits that cigarettes can help relieve stress after a tough workout, but that effect is nothing compared to the harm they cause.
Anton: I respect the choice of every person, But with regard to smoking, I think the main thing is that the choice should still be based on facts, and not on emotions. If a person realizes that he is recovering longer than others, because he smokes, and continues to smoke, this is one option. If he simply believes that he is not threatened with cancer (and these are justified expectations, even for a smoker, because not every smoker gets cancer), then this is just a misunderstanding.
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Like any bad habit, smoking will not be beneficial for either an athlete or a person who is far from physical activity. The consumption of cigarettes negatively affects health, and it is difficult to call such an addiction part of a healthy lifestyle. However, in the end, everyone makes their own decisions.