#33 – Rudy Leibel, M.D.: Finding the obesity gene and discovering leptin
The trainer answers: what do the obesity gene and wide bone have in common?
The opinion of the expert of the Championship of the wellness coach Andrey Semeshov :
Losing weight is, believe me, very simple. Ask anyone and he will answer: eat less sweet / flour / fatty foods, go in for sports. And it will be 100% right.
Problems begin when you need to move from the right words to the right actions. It’s easy to think about how I’ll start running on Monday, but how hard it’s to get your sneakers and go for a run this very Monday. If the first stage - planning of actions - all overcome easily, then only a few reach the second. And those who, after the first difficult attempt, do not give up and go to the second, fifth, tenth run - are a vanishingly small percentage. No, they do not give up the idea of losing weight, they just go back to the thinking stage, that is, doing nothing.
But we don't like to admit to ourselves that we are just playing for time instead of implementing our plans. To calm ourselves down, we come up with various excuses and reasons to continue to virtually lose weight without getting up from the couch. We read thematic blogs on social networks, watch motivational videos, study new sports equipment with interest.
And here the Internet throws up a new hype topic - genetics and its effect on body weight (in other words, the percentage of fat). A cursory study of the issue leads to a logical conclusion: Well, it's all clear why I can't lose weight - I was not lucky with genetics. Active natures will even order a set by mail - a cotton swab and a sealed envelope and send samples for analysis. Then they will receive an e-mail with a colorfully decorated booklet, which, most likely, will indicate that such and such genes can really provoke the accumulation of body fat. All! Official confirmation that I am not losing weight, not because I do nothing, but because I was unlucky with genetics.
But are these genetic factors so important and significant and really play such a prominent role? I'm sure that after some time all genetic excuses will become the same meme as now the references to the broad bone.
The USA is a country that suffers almost the most from rapid obesity. Much attention is paid to this problem; national programs to combat obesity are being developed. There are a lot of good and correct initiatives. And most of the recommendations are, of course, very robust and effective, provided they are followed. But even here it is not complete without genetics. The Health Department, in its review of the reasons for the rise in obesity, delicately notes that the statistics are also spoiled by representatives of the countries of Africa and Latin America, which apparently have the influence of genetic factors.
Okay, let's say Cubans, Mexicans, or Venezuelans do genetically have a tendency to be overweight. But how then can one explain the fact that all these countries, according to the World Bank, are lagging behind the United States in terms of obesity growth. It would seem that the concentration of genetically unsuccessful women there is several times higher. Or maybe these genes are in a dormant state in their historical homeland and are insidiously activated after passing through passport control? Or does the world-famous American food lifestyle with fat-carbohydrate fast food also play a role?
Or here's an interesting study by scientists from Stanford University, the results of which were published in 2018. In a large-scale experiment (The DIETFITS), more than 600 volunteers were divided into two groups - half of 12 months were on a low-fat diet, and the other on a low-carb diet. As a result, both groups, of course, lost weight. Those who were undernourished of fat lost an average of 5.3 kg, and those without carbohydrates even lost 6 kg.
Photo: istockphoto. com
Here is an interesting moment. Insidious scientists carried out genetic tests in advance and determined which of the participants was more inclined to lose weight with the restriction of fat, and which of the participants would be easier when cutting carbohydrates. However, the final distribution among the groups was random. Someone was lucky and he received a genetically suitable diet, and someone was forced to lose weight contrary to nature. So, when summing up the results, it turned out that all these genetic inclinations did not have any noticeable effect on the results. A wicked joke comes to mind about the fact that there were no fat people in the concentration camps….
Of course, everyone has a unique set of genes. And some of them are responsible for our appearance, the tendency to thinness or the accumulation of subcutaneous fat. Accordingly, someone can afford more liberties in the refrigerator without harming the figure, while someone needs to approach this issue more carefully.
But to write off everything on genetics, in my opinion, is to look for nonexistent excuses and an apology. Instead of starting to do something real, we prefer to put cotton swabs in our mouths, and then curiously examine our genetic wealth. Alternatively, you can get jogging shoes, buy a gym membership, analyze your eating habits. In a word, take advantage of long-invented and proven methods.