THE CHOICE (Short Animated Movie)
The reverse side of a healthy lifestyle. The unpredictable consequences of good nutrition
Today a healthy lifestyle and proper nutrition are gaining in popularity. It has become fashionable to eat healthy and environmentally friendly food: from Instagram stories, users are attacked by avocado toasts and the right lunch, prepared at home and taken to work in a container. People count calories, schedule their diet for several days ahead, hunt for clean foods. In pursuit of the perfect body, some go beyond reason and go too far. We will tell you what psychological disorders can hide behind the mask of a healthy lifestyle.
Anorexia: aversion to food
Today, the word anorexia is on everyone's lips, but few people actually understand what it is such. It is often used as an insult to an allegedly too thin girl (or guy). However, it is a serious psychogenic (that is, psychologically induced) disorder. Moreover, it lies not so much in external thinness as in a person's attitude to food: loss of appetite, refusal to eat, even when its lack becomes obvious. People of any size can suffer from this disorder. This type of anorexia — with all symptoms other than significant weight loss — is called atypical.
In pursuit of the right amount of calories, some people who try to maintain a healthy lifestyle can go too far. For example, they set an extremely low daily rate for themselves, as a result of which they are malnourished or even starving. A strong desire to possess ideal, according to subjective ideas, forms can negatively affect a person's perception of his own body and its needs, distort it and provoke anorexia.
Among the main signs of anorexia are :
- denying the problem;
- constant feeling of fullness;
- violation of eating habits (for example, eating while standing, alone, or the habit of dividing food into small pieces);
- sleep disturbance;
- panic (gain weight, eat, see yourself in the mirror);
- unreasonable anger or resentment;
- a sudden fascination with food-related topics (for example, a passion for cooking: a person prepares luxurious meals for family and friends without eating them himself);
- changes in social life: a person tries to avoid meetings with friends, common meals, begins to communicate less with loved ones;
- decreased activity.
Rebecca Lean , better known on YouTube as Rebecca Jane, is a girl who has been struggling with anorexia for several years. She shares her successes on social networks. The blogger not only talks about how she copes with her frustration, but also shoots distracted videos. This helps Rebecca to keep herself from losing her critical weight.
Bulimia: Overeating and Payback for Eating
Another common eating disorder is bulimia. People with this condition are extremely concerned about their weight. As a rule, they eat a lot, but then, to compensate for what they have eaten, they artificially induce vomiting. They may also use laxatives or diuretics, enemas, and exercise overload to lose food.
Bulimia is most common among teenage girls and young women, who place unhealthy attention on their weight and shape. Often this disorder arises against the background of a distorted perception of food: food is not a necessary source of energy and nutrients, but as a pleasure and a bad habit.
In a company, bulimic patients usually eat the right food and in small portions. However, being alone with themselves, they consume large amounts of high-calorie food - that is, they overeat. After such breakdowns, a person experiences a feeling of guilt, worries that he will invariably recover and therefore get rid of what he has eaten so radically.
People with bulimia often hide this, but the disorder can be recognized by some signs :
- complaints about being overweight (even if not);
- distorted perception of one's own body;
- eating large amounts of food (especially fatty, sweet, high-calorie) in one meal;
- the person tries not to eat in public places and in the presence of other people;
- goes to the restroom immediately after eating;
- there are visible injuries, scars or calluses on the hands (due to constant vomiting);
- damage to teeth and gums.
A girl from the UK named Shanni has a blog about what it is like to fight bulimia for almost 20 years. She has not yet been able to completely defeat the disease, but the girl does not give up herself and inspires others to do this.
Shanni is trying to raise awareness of the problem of eating disorders. In 2016, a blogger filmed a video One Day in the Life of a Bulimic Sufferer to show what lies behind the beautiful facade. Throughout the entire video - the day - all she does is eat, weigh herself and get rid of food.
In the video description, Shanni draws the viewers' attention to the fact that in no case shows how to do it , but, on the contrary, wants to clearly explain what such a disorder is fraught with.
Orthorexia: fixation on proper nutrition
If many have heard about anorexia and bulimia, then with the termorthorexia is very rare. This is also a type of eating disorder. Its peculiarity lies in the fact that a person is obsessed with the most healthy and correct food. In fact, the approach to nutrition of people suffering from orthorexia can hardly be called healthy: the obsession severely limits the choice of foods and makes you constantly think about whether you are eating enough right, whether you missed a planned meal and how to compensate for an apple eaten in excess of the norm.
Today, orthorexia is not officially a disease, but it is widely used by specialists as a term. Signs of this disorder may include :
- choosing products based not on your personal taste preferences, but on their usefulness;
- the division of foods into useful, which can and should be eaten, and harmful, which should not be eaten under any circumstances;
- inventing punishments for oneself for improper nutrition;
- planning your menu a few days in advance;
- strict attention to cooking methods, their own rituals (for example, the board must be ceramic);
- a sense of superiority over those who do not adhere to what he believes to be the correct diet.
A girl named Meg faced orthorexia. Just over a year ago, she ate exceptionally healthy, clean food and did a lot of exercise to keep herself in shape. Even while on vacation, Mag always ran 16 km on a treadmill every two days.
In the photo on the left, Mag eats only the right foods ... On the right - he allows himself everything he wants.
Pay attention to this and get rid of faddles girl started a year and a half ago. Despite the fact that she has gained weight since then, Meg is feeling much better and more herself. As she herself writes on her Instagram, her relationship with her loved one and friends has improved. Now she can finally enjoy life and eat in public without fear of panic attacks.
Is Drancorexia an alcoholism?
Drancorexia is another unpopular eating disorder. The name comes from the English word drunk - drunk, and deviations are manifested in the fact that a person prefers to replace meals with alcohol. As a rule, drankorexics are very worried about their weight, are panicky afraid of gaining weight, and also suffer from depression. This disorder is more common among teenage girls: by refusing to eat, they save not only money to buy alcohol with them, but also space in the stomach so as not to gain excess weight.
In fact, drancorexia combines the symptoms of anorexia and alcoholism. Therefore, the damage from this disorder is double.Although at the moment drancorexia is not officially recognized as a disease, there are some signs of this deviation:
- regular refusal to eat;
- red eyes, swollen face and spots on it;
- close control of the amount of calories consumed;
- sometimes, in order not to gain weight after drinking alcohol, a drankorexic can exhaust himself with physical exercises to work off calories;
- deliberately drinking large amounts of alcohol to induce vomiting and get rid of previously eaten food.
An American Lindsay Hall faced drancorexia. While in college, she, like many of her friends, tried to lead a healthy lifestyle: she worked hard in the gym and counted calories. At the same time, the girl could not refuse parties at which she abused alcoholic beverages, and periodically broke down, overeating harmful snacks. For several years, Hall suffered from eating disorders - anorexia and bulimia, and her addiction to alcohol only made the situation worse.
Lindsay suffered from drancorexia for several years .
The consequences for Lindsay's body were significant: bone damage - nine cracks, a ruptured esophagus and low blood electrolytes.
Lindsay is now 27 years old and is still on her way to full recovery. Despite remission, Hall did not give up alcohol completely, but now controls its consumption and, as the girl herself notes, does it wisely.
Proper nutrition. How not to go too far?
Superfoods, avoiding sugar, meat and dairy products, intermittent fasting - all this works differently for each person: it helps someone, and can harm someone. Today, when a nutrition program can be obtained simply by downloading an application, it is especially important to know when to stop and understand what is best and more useful specifically for you. Nutritionist Anna Berseneva told the Championship how not to go too far in pursuit of an ideal body.
Anna prefers harmonious nutrition to proper nutrition, because in harmony there can be no violence and suffering. If a person chooses this option, he shows concern for his own body and love for it. With this approach to the choice of nutrition, breakdowns and excesses are excluded, the nutritionist believes.
To understand whether you are eating right and balanced enough, you just need to listen to yourself. After eating, there should be no heaviness, weakness, desire to fall asleep as soon as possible. A feeling of pleasant light satiety, vigor and emotional calmness is how we should feel after lunch, says Anna.
As for the daily calorie intake - the coveted figure is different for everyone and depends on many factors.
In any case, a nutritionistdoes not advise reducing the amount of calories consumed below 1700 kcal (for men) and 1500 kcal (for women), even if you need to lose a lot of weight.
The main rule that Anna recommends to adhere to is that she is calmer about situations when she wants to (or have to) deviate from the regime. Exceptions, or, as Anna calls them, days of disobedience, will not harm the nutrition program in any way. If you treat them lightly and with humor, this will not happen often. Proper nutrition should not become the meaning of life: It is just a tool that allows you to have a lot of energy and strength in order to get the most out of life.