20 Wilderness Survival Tips and Bushcraft Skills

The first trail and how to survive it: 15 things to know about it

Each person has his own run. Someone runs after the bus, someone in the park in the morning, some run a marathon, and others storm the mountains. And if you just started running, you want to try everything, but everywhere there are pluses, minuses and pitfalls. The safest, perhaps, will be running for short distances, 5 km or 10 km, and the most unpredictable - trail running at any distance. The Championship correspondent, having tested the X-Race Wild Trail on himself, collected 15 situations that may surprise a beginner in cross-country running.


Real trails are held outside cities , in the wild forests and fields. For example, X-Race Wild Trail - in the Moscow region, in the X-Land complex. To get there, of course, you need to leave in advance, and if you get there by car, then take into account possible traffic jams. Therefore, many participants, in order not to spend long hours on the road and not start immediately upon arrival, choose the option of spending the night at the starting point - this leads to another surprise: if you have not booked your accommodation in advance, you will have to spend the night in a tent, which not everyone will appreciate .

Information from the organizers

Before each trail run, the organizers provide briefings and send out important information to the participants. It is in your best interest to get this information, because you know in advance:

  • all possible information about the track: climb, terrain, difficult sections, location of food points, etc., and you will be able to decide how to distribute forces on the race, when to eat gel, where to endure slides, and where to run quickly;
  • advice on equipment and required equipment. The organizing team has covered the distance of their race more than once, so their advice will be the most valuable and relevant;
  • where to get your starter pack and what you need for this;
  • exact start time and time limit for passing your distance.

Running along a narrow path

Remember how in childhood with your grandmother went to the forest to pick mushrooms. Were there wide avenues, alleys? No, tiny paths along which you go in single file. It's the same on trails. For a long time after the start, everyone runs in the crowd one after the other, and if you want to overtake, you have to get off the path into the grass and spend a lot of energy on overtaking.


Trails loaded with runners will end, when the strong get ahead, and the sexpace remains in the tail. At some point, you will look around and not see a soul. Some participate in cross-country races precisely in order not to hear the stomping and heavy breathing behind their backs, others are afraid to end up in a deep forest without people around. If you are in the second group, arrange to run with friends, or stick with a runner. But being alone is a good opportunity to enjoy nature and think about life.

Slippery moments

All trails are different, but if it rains for a long time before the start, any distance will turn into mush. Find out in advance what awaits you at the distance, and choose shoes with a hard aggressive tread so that you can go down the hill, not slide down.


Streams or rivers can be encountered at a distance without a bridge to cross. If you are walking along the track, then this place is checked, the organizers probably spoke about their depth, so you definitely won't drown and you won't have to swim. The only thing that can be a surprise for an unprepared person is that you need to climb into a pond in clothes and shoes, and after crossing an obstacle, continue to run while wet. This is not unusual: running shoes and socks dry quickly.

Grass scratches and branches

Since trail running is a natural discipline, be prepared for the fact that not only legs will have to interact with nature. Sharp grass in meadows can hurt, cut caviar to blood, and branches in the forest can hit you in the face or shoulder. To avoid all these joys, you need to properly equip yourself: wear long tights or shorts + leggings, long sleeve top or t-shirt + arm ruffles. Don't forget a hat!

Corns of the winner (in life)

Firstly, on the trail, like on any other run, you will sweat, and secondly, fords, dew , the rain will also not leave you dry. Wet skin is extremely easy to wipe off if you don't take care of it beforehand. All dangerous places are recommended to be lubricated with petroleum jelly or sealed with a plaster, and it is better to leave clothes and shoes with rigid seams at home. Choose sneakers larger than your actual size, because when running on an unstable surface, the leg can swell (from the load, it's okay) and periodically shift to the toe - this is a sure way to knocked off nails.

Natural weights: running with water and food

In general, trails are semi-autonomous, that is, there is a fairly large distance between food points, if any. To easily cover the distance, calculate in advance how much water and food you need, and put it all in your running backpack. Take a small first aid kit with you: band-aid, iodine, pain pills or powder, elastic bandage, life blanket and whistle. Because if trouble happens to you, the phone will not work (there is often no connection in the forest), you will only be able to give distress signals with a whistle, and before the arrival of volunteers or doctors, you need to help yourself and not freeze. There is no need to tune yourself to such a deplorable result, but it is worth making sure.

Toilet only for finish

There are latrines at the start and finish, but everything is not so scary, because there are bushes along the track.

The wrong turn

A well-organized trail is marked with ribbons that meet kafor 20-50 meters, depending on visibility. But it happens that there are many paths, only one needed, but did not notice the ribbon, then you run the extra kilometers trying to get back on the track.

10 km, but this is not certain

If when registering, you see that the distance is called 10 km, double-check the mileage in the regulations on the holding of the competition, the exact length of the track will be indicated there, and it can be 9 km or 13.5 km, which must be taken into account when preparing.

Food point

If the card says that the PP is 11 -m km, this does not mean that exactly at the point of 11.0 km there will be a table with water and oranges. Error +/- 500 m, be prepared for this.

This is not a highway run

If it is very difficult to run a classic 10 km race, but you succeed, with registration for the same it's better to wait for the cross-country distance. Trail running is more energy intensive due to the quality of the roads, natural obstacles and back load, so the length of the trail must be multiplied by an approximate factor of 1.5 or even 2 to get the approximate length of the asphalt run that would be required to run this length of trail. p>


We have already said about the lack of communication, but about wild animals and insects yet. You are unlikely to meet large animals - they avoid noisy places and crowds of people, but insects will only be glad to you. Before starting, treat your clothes and yourself with a spray against mosquitoes, midges and horseflies, and if the spray is washed off, renew the protection. It is not recommended to stop and take a step, because then you will definitely become a desired prey for a buzzing swarm.

All this may seem terribly scary, but these are just disciplinary conditions that you need to put up with and enjoy running, and don't bother with details.


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