Bulimia nervosa - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology
Overeating with consequences. Why bulimia is dangerous
In order to achieve good results in big sports, athletes often have to risk their health. So, for example, the minimum deviation from the desired weight can significantly affect the performances of figure skaters and gymnasts. That is why girls are forced to keep themselves in shape all the time and follow strict dietary rules. Sometimes this leads to negative consequences.
This month the Russian gymnast, three-time world champion Alexandra Soldatova admitted that she suffers from bulimia. With a terrible disease, as the athlete herself calls her, she is fighting for the second year. Let's talk about how bulimia appears and why it is dangerous.
What is bulimia?
Bulimia is a psychological disorder that is accompanied by eating disorders, overeating and trying to get rid of the eaten food with the help of special drugs, artificially induced vomiting or other methods.
Since this is a psychological disorder, the root of the problem lies in the mental state of a person. More often than not, people with bulimia are preoccupied with weight control. They fall under the influence of public opinion, invented beauty standards and advertising. They have an obsessive desire to get rid of a couple of extra pounds through hunger. But since fasting is a real test, subject not to everyone, there is an easier way: to eat whatever you want, and then by any means to empty the stomach of the food taken.
Bulimia rarely leads to the expected weight loss. The weight either stays in place or starts to grow. Controlling overeating is only getting harder. The brain ignores the feeling of satiety, because of which the concept of measure simply ceases to exist. Each time a person consumes more and more food, which in a few minutes gets rid of.
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Why does the advice to just eat normally not work?
If you think that bulimia affects only the physical condition of the body, then it is you are wrong. First of all, the disease affects the human psyche. This is the reason why bulimic patients hide their illness from others. They are afraid of judgment from loved ones and friends.
Unfortunately, people do not know much about diseases associated with eating disorders. Therefore, patients often facewith misunderstanding from others, as well as advice in the spirit, just eat normally, do not overeat and everything will be fine.
It is very difficult to overcome bulimia on your own. It requires serious treatment and supervision from an appropriate specialist - a psychologist or psychotherapist. That is why commonplace advice is not helpful.
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Why shouldn't we turn a blind eye to the warning signs of the disease?
At first, people with bulimia think that they have just found an excellent method of losing weight. But this is not the case. As we know, food is fuel for the body. The state of our health depends on what we eat and in what quantity. With bulimia, a person artificially prevents nutrients from entering the body. Hence the dire consequences: swelling, deterioration of nails, hair and skin, weight gain, stress, depression, sleep problems.
Of course, bulimia is not a sentence. Despite the huge list of consequences, it is possible to overcome the disease and return to normal eating behavior. The main thing is to admit to yourself that there is a problem and turn to medical institutions for help, as gymnast Alexandra Soldatova did.