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Not everyone can stand it. What do Formula 1 pilots go through?
It's no secret that Formula 1 pilots always need to be in great shape and train for several hours every day. However, some people still believe that racing cannot be called a sport in the literal sense of the word. It seems to people that there is no strong physical stress in the races, as in figure skating, wrestling or football. The stumbling block for skeptics remains the constant presence of the pilot in the car, which is more like a sitting rest than a difficult task. Well, one can and should argue with that. After all, driving along the Moscow Ring Road at a speed of 100 km / h is not equal to piloting a car. An untrained person will hardly lead him and move him. We will tell you what athletes go through for the sake of success in their business.
Pilot's heart: from 50 to 200 beats per minute
In terms of physical fitness, F1 participants can be compared with the Olympians. Their training includes not only exercises for all muscle groups, but also tasks for reaction speed, concentration, overcoming psychological and physiological difficulties. For example, the pilot's average heart rate is 170 beats per minute. And at peak moments it reaches 200 - the maximum that a person can master without harm to health. This is the only sport with such a high score.
In addition, during the race, the pilot's heart suffers serious swings. When approaching the braking point, the number of contractions is close to 160, in the process of stopping the car, it grows a little, so that then it falls to 50-60 beats per minute. It is not surprising that each rider undergoes a thorough examination before the competition, because the load during the Grand Prix is similar to that of a marathon runner.
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Strict diets: hunger as a best friend
In order to become a pilot of a racing car, you must at least sit in it. Christian Bale lost 30 kilograms for his role in the film Ford vs. Ferrari, because he did not fit in a car. Moreover, the ideal weight of a rider is determined not by nutritionists, but by the engineers who create the car. Athletes have to carefully monitor their weight and eat right.
Tall people are subjected to great torment in the form of diets. Lewis Hamilton, whose height is 174 cm, admitted in an interview that he experiences constant hunger during the season. And, for example, ex-pilot Felipe Massa did not restrict himself much in food because of his small stature. Fortunately, over the past couple of lethe rules have become less stringent. Bigger pilots can now afford to eat a little more.
Despite the fact that riders spend a lot of time in the gym, they do not look like bodybuilders. The essence of preparation is to keep the body in good shape so that the muscles can comfortably withstand overload. Most of the exercises are aimed at strengthening the neck and shoulder girdle, because when cornering, they are subjected to strong stress. During training, the pilot puts on a helmet, to which a five-kilogram load is attached, and lies on his side. The objective of the exercise is to keep your head in a horizontal position as long as possible.
It is especially important to pay attention to tasks for quickness of reaction, concentration and coordination. They can be done anywhere, as long as there is a desire. Jenson Button loved in his free time to simultaneously throw three tennis balls into the wall and try to catch them. It also strengthens the nervous system.
During races, pilots don't just need to click on pedal and turn the steering wheel, but also constantly maintain concentration and navigate the multitude of switches. The essence of one of the racing simulators is to press true or false keys when words with different colors appear on the display. The correct answer depends on whether the shade matches its name. Naturally, only a second is given for reflection, so you need to act quickly and preferably correctly. On the first try, only one pilot coped with the task - Marc Genet.
In most sports, loss of attention can turn into a loss. In auto racing, carelessness can lead to the loss of valuable seconds or an accident. At high speeds with little maneuvering space, a mistake can lead to completely unexpected results. Therefore, it is important for pilots to be at the peak of their physical development and be able to concentrate on driving.
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The ration of racers: carbohydrate loading without fat and fried
The menu of each driver is developed individually, depending on the climatic conditions of the Grand Prix venue. The daily diet consists of foods rich in carbohydrates and completely excludes fatty, fried foods and foods that slow down the digestive process. For example, white bread. The amount consumedliquid is also determined separately for each. Experts weigh the athlete three times, calculate the level of fluid loss and create a schedule for replenishing the water balance.
Severe overload of pilots
Athletes experience tremendous pressure on races. It is comparable to that experienced by test pilots when performing stunts. During braking, a race car driver can endure an overload of 5 g. The history of world sports included the case when the pilot of IndyCar Kenny Brack survived after a short overload of 214 g. To understand what test he underwent, you need to multiply this figure by an average weight of 75 kg and get the final result - about 16 tons! The man not only survived, but also tried to return to sports after 18 months.
In fact, race car drivers are real athletes with amazing endurance. Jenson Button, for example, does triathlon for fun. Many pilots enjoy football, tennis, running, cycling and other sports. It is important for Formula 1 participants to spend time not only in the gym, but also to engage in various activities, because this is the only way to keep yourself in great shape.