What Losing Weight Does To Your Body And Brain | The Human Body

Losing weight can be dangerous. 10 possible causes of weight loss

The word weight loss, similar to fat burning and many other similar terms implying weight loss (usually due to the fat component), is usually associated with something useful, healthy, correct and necessary for everyone.

And although now the views of the public have changed a little, giving rise to such movements as body positive, which often encourages overweight people, most people on our planet still tend to see a lot of negativity in being overweight. The reason for this is the state of health, which directly correlates with the presence of obesity in a person and affects not only the quality of his life, but also its duration. Therefore, when we talk about weight loss in overweight people, we are certainly talking about the positive aspects that weight loss can provide.

But is it so when weight loss is not a reason to rejoice? , but a dangerous symptom? When a significantly dropped figure on the scales becomes a reason to be on your guard and check your health? Of course yes, answers Pavel Baranov - a specialist in the field of nutrition, endocrinology and psychology, a member of the Russian Association of Endocrinologists, a member of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, author of many popular articles in the field of sports medicine, dietetics and psychology, a member of the international of the festival of healthy lifestyle and sports SN PRO EXPO FORUM.

Let's see what can happen to health, because of which a person's weight can collapse in a short time.

Losing weight can be dangerous. 10 possible causes of weight loss

Photo: istockphoto.com


According to modern research, more than 50% of the world's population is under eat. This means that these people are not getting the nutrients they need in the right amount. The reasons are different, from economic to geographical. If malnutrition continues long enough, it can have a significant impact on a person's health, including severe weight loss. Of course, the best way to prevent this is to eat a balanced diet with enough protein, fat and carbohydrates. Unfortunately, such food is not available to everyone. And many of those who still have access to it just don't care what and when they eat.

Loss of muscle mass

Loss of muscle mass begins at about 40 years of age and progresses much faster after 75. Preventing the development of such a condition will be both the use of a sufficient amount of calories (including maintaining the protein norm of 0.7 g / kg and above), and maintaining physical activity at any age. Western countries are often a positive example of this, because it is not so difficult to meet men and women who are well over 70 doing sports there.

Losing weight can be dangerous. 10 possible causes of weight loss

Photo: istockphoto.com


Unexplained weight loss may be a sign of a person's thyroida gland called hyperthyroidism or thyrotoxicosis, which causes the thyroid gland to produce excess hormones. Sometimes a person may not be aware of the presence of such a disease and not take any of the measures necessary to prevent its development. Weight loss will usually be one of a combination of symptoms, including a rapid heart rate, heat intolerance, hair loss, and insomnia. If a person suspects such a disorder, he should undergo a diagnosis of the thyroid gland by an endocrinologist.

Peptic ulcer

Unexplained weight loss can sometimes be one of the signs of an ulcer.

Stomach ulcers are local mucosal defects that develop on the lining of the stomach and in the upper part of the small intestine.

Since the main symptom of a peptic ulcer is abdominal pain, they are often cause a decrease in appetite. Lifestyle modification combined with prescribed treatment is the best way to get rid of this problem. In such a situation it is necessary to contact a gastroenterologist.

Losing weight can be dangerous. 10 possible causes of weight loss

Photo: istockphoto.com


Severe weight loss can be one of the symptoms of cancer. There are several cancers, such as leukemia, lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, breast and colon cancer, which often lead to significant weight loss.

Certain cancers increase resting metabolism, which means the body burns more calories, while others can produce inflammation-provoking proteins that can lead to weight loss. Treatments such as radiation therapy and chemotherapy often cause decreased appetite and can lead to side effects, including nausea, vomiting, and mouth ulcers, that prevent you from eating. All of this also affects weight loss.

Losing weight can be dangerous. 10 possible causes of weight loss

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Diabetes mellitus

Type II diabetes is usually associated with obesity , but weight loss can also be an unexpected symptom of this pathology. When the body does not use insulin properly, the transport of glucose for further conversion into energy can also be disrupted. The internal system can begin to use fat and muscle to function, which ultimately leads to a decrease in total body weight. Here it will be important to contact an endocrinologist and a nutritionist as early as possible, because the development of type 2 diabetes is much easier to prevent than to deal with its consequences. Type 1 diabetes, in turn, is an autoimmune disease with which a person has to live his whole life.

Losing weight can be dangerous. 10 possible causes of weight loss

Photo: istockphoto.com


Tapeworms, roundworms, hookworms - thousands of people pick up these and other parasites every year, either from their pets, or due to lack of hygiene when eating and drinking. Parasites absorb nutrients in the body and multiply, filling more and more space in our body and devouring more and more of its resources. This can lead to decreased appetite and weight loss, and the person may not even be aware of anything. It can take weeks and months, and sometimes years, for parasites to manifest themselves, and this is the importance of timely diagnosis. A number of tests and tests can help cope with this problem.


This mental disorder can manifest itself in many ways, including weight loss. A person in a depressed state often becomes so immersed in his problems and disconnects from the outside world that, in principle, he practically ceases to eat. Although there is no single cause of depression, many cases can be effectively treated with psycho- and drug therapy. As a rule, a multidisciplinary approach in the form of consultations with a psychologist / psychotherapist and psychiatrist yields positive results.

Losing weight can be dangerous. 10 possible causes of weight loss

Photo: istockphoto.com


Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, also known as AIDS, is a chronic, potentially life-threatening illness caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). HIV can either make it difficult for the body to absorb nutrients or put a person into a state of depression, leading to malnutrition and decreased appetite.

HIV / AIDS can also increase the risk of infections that cause weight loss or due to a decrease in appetite, or because the process of eating becomes painful.

Losing weight can be dangerous. 10 possible causes of weight loss

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Alcohol intoxication affects people in different ways, someone starts to eat more and more, and someone, on the contrary, loses their appetite. But this is the case if we are talking about healthy people. Alcoholism, on the other hand, can lead to the fact that a person will lose a significant amount of weight due to a false sense of satiety, which he will constantly feel due to the abuse of alcohol. In addition, alcoholism can lead to peptic ulcer disease, which also causes weight loss. People with this disease also often suffer from malnutrition, because they often prefer alcohol to a balanced dinner. Of course, as in other cases, you need to get rid of this problem with the help of a team of professionals who can get you by the handle to the result.

Losing weight can be dangerous. 10 possible causes of weight loss

Photo: istockphoto.com

In addition to everything that wedismantled, there are also many other problems and pathologies that can manifest themselves in the form of a person losing a certain percentage of body weight. Chronic heart failure, celiac disease, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, dementia, Crohn's disease, Addison's disease, Sjogren's disease, achalasia, gastroesophageal reflux disease, etc. - all these pathologies, among other symptoms, can manifest themselves in the form of weight loss.

This once again reminds of the importance of timely diagnosis, the need for anxious attitude to one's own health, and also that any acquired disease is much easier and it is more correct to warn than to cure when it becomes severe.

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